Wine is a type of alcoholic drink, which is typically made by fermenting different varieties of grapes. Normally yeast is used for the fermenting process, which consumes away all the sugar content in the grapes, and hence converting it into alcohol. Then it’s treated and filtered according to needs to convert in into wine. The wine making process is called vinification.
Over the history, wine has been produced throughout the world, using different varieties of grapes, varieties of yeast and are also distinctly different to each other in the process they are made. The best wine producers in the world are France, Italy and Spain. We will now look into the details of each one of them.
French Wine: The French are the largest producer of wine in the world. Over the years, they have produced many exotic varieties, which are mostly based on the type of grapes used. The unique feature of the quality of French wine is that it depends on the natural factors that influenced the production of grapes, thus in turn producing different varieties of wine. Apart from the common varieties like red, white, rose or the sparkling wines, France boasts of its special called the Vin de Pays. Some of the finest wine producing estates in France are Loire, Bordeaux and Burgundy.
Italian Wine: Italy is probably one of the oldest wine producing countries in the world. It is mainly due to the favorable geographic conditions like the Alps giving rise to a variety of climate in different regions, resulting in vineyards to be established with a large diversity in the grapes produced. The two most important types are the Bianco, or the white wine, which typically uses special grapes like Pinot, or Moscato for the fizzy wine; and Rosso, or the red wine, which uses Sangiovese, producing the best blended wine in the world.
Spanish Wine: Spain has an abundance of different varieties of grapes, making it one of the leading wine producing nations. Spain is known for its exotic varieties of grapes cultivated like the Tempranillo and the Airen, and hence producing some of the finest wines in the world. Some of the special categories produced in Spain include the Sherry, a fortified wine from the Palamino grape, fermented over years, and resulting in a vintage wine; and the Cava, a traditional sparkling wine, which is generally fermented in underground cellars. portland or wine tours